Various types of animal wasted used for biomass fuels

As the world is moving forward, our fossil fuels are going down and we are unable to find effective alternatives. However, people are now realizing that the traditional way of using biomass fuel and such similar sources is the best thing to do when there is crisis. Unfortunately, this has also become difficult because of the limited wood resources in the world when compared to a century ago. Therefore, experts are considering different sources that are available in abundance and have a great capacity to generate fuel. Wood residues are used as the major sources for the production of biomass fuels; however, animal wastes are also considered as great alternative because of its low price and efficiency.

Different types of animal wastes

The fact that human beings will become extinct without the presence of live stock is proven again with experts seriously developing on producing biomass fuel with animal waste. According to there is a great scope for development in this field and people are showing great interest to use the fuel.

There is abundance of manure, rendering and operation wastes from livestock finishing, which are very difficult to dispose. This difficulty has doubled because of the regulations held by the authorities. So, the best option is to turn such animal wastes into biomass fuels by delivering them to biomass consultants. There are two major categories of animal wastes which are deemed appropriate for the production of biomass fuel.

  • Dry manure of animals

Animal manure is disposed away from the residential areas because of the odor issues and the regulations. It is a burden for those who regulate the disposal and for those who needs to dispose them. Biomass conversion technology is useful to ensure that the manure is converted into biomass fuel and this can help the disposers and those who are trying to regulate it as well.

The dry manure of animals is collected from the feedlots or the livestock corrals. The manure is removed periodically and it depends on the size of the livestock rearing area. Usually, the manure is gathered every six months. Before taking the manure, the biomass consultants will ensure that the moisture percentage is less than 30, which is optimal for fuel production.

  • Wet manure of animals

Apart from the sources mentioned above, dairy industry is considered another option for the production of biomass fuel. These industries have to take care of the manure through automated processes and it becomes easy to collect them. However, the manure is flushed from the area and is in the form of slurry. One has to separate the water from the manure and the result is slightly high moist, slurry form manure. It is a great source for the preparation of fuel and it is simple to collect. However, when compared to the dry manure, it is slightly less effective and the percentage of usability decreases.

The above mentioned animal wastes are the primary sources to create biomass fuel and as one can notice they are available for very low costs and sometimes free; because, many people spend money to dispose them and they would be happy to give the waste to someone for little or no money at all.

What You Should Know About SUPs before Trying Them

A standup paddle board is much thicker than your average surfboard. Paddle boards typically range from 8 to 12 feet in length, 28 to 32 inches wide, and 4 to 5 inches thick. Here are some basics that you may be interested to know, before you head out to try SUPs.

4 Types of Standup Paddle Boards

All Around SUPs

  • They are the most common standup paddle board shapes used by beginners and pros alike.
  • Beginners can learn Paddle boarding with the help of all around SUPs
  • These shapes are versatile in all conditions

Surf SUPs

  • Surd SUPs are essentially oversized, in order to manage your weight, support and keep you balanced on the waves.
  • They are maneuverable in the surf, but they are not as stable in flat water as on tides.
  • If you belong to the category of intermediate to advanced paddlers, you can check out Surf SUP rentals on Happy Paddling – one of the best companies that offer SUPs, Kayaking, Canoeing and other water sports.

Touring SUPs

  • They are designed for touring over long distances in flat water and open ocean.
  • They are constructed in order to provide maximum glide and efficiency.
  • If you’re a beginner, you can learn to use it quite easily, because they’re usually wide and stable.

Race SUPs

  • Meant for pros, Race SUPs are designed for down-winders, flat water races and open ocean competitions.
  • Race SUPs are longer and narrower compared to touring SUPs. This design enables the surfer to generate fast sprint speed as well as long glide efficiency.
  • Race SUPs are challenging for beginners, but pros and recreational racers can use them perfectly.

Basic Equipment for Paddle Boarding

  • Stand Up Paddle board

Paddle boards come in all shapes and sizes. If you like to learn stand up paddle boarding,choose wider, longer, thicker board, as it will offer the greatest stability to learn the paddleboard basics on a flat body of water.

  • Paddle

Stand Up Paddles come plastic, aluminum, wood, and carbon fiber – all with a variety of handle, blade and shaft shapes. The general rule is that a paddle used with your paddleboard should always be 6 to 10 inches above the height of the paddler. Size your paddle on the longer side for flat water use and the shorter side for use in the surf. The blade is typically bent at a slight angle to the shaft to allow for more forward reach when taking a stroke.

  • Leash

A sup leash keeps your paddle board attached to you with a Velcro strap around your ankle (or calf) that is attached to the paddleboard. Leashes come in a variety of sizes, and the general rule is to use a leash around the same size or slightly smaller than your board.

  • Board bags

Board bags will remove that dilemma and conveniently aid in traveling, as well as add years to your board’s life.

  • PFD (personal floatation device)

If you use your stand up paddle board beyond the limits of a swimming, surfing, or bathing area, you are going to need PFDs.