Dental caries has become a major concern among adults and children. Surprisingly, it occurs more frequently in developed countries compared to underdeveloped countries. The basic reason for that, is too much consumption of sugar in developed countries.
It’s quite an alarming sign.
- More than 36% of the entire world population (2.43 billion to be exact) is dealing with dental caries.
- Dental caries has affected more than 620 million people which is 9% of the total population of the world.
- According to World Health Organization, nearly every adult goes through a stage where he comes across dental caries in his permanent teeth.
So, it’s high time, you should go see dentists in Toronto for complete checkup. If you don’t know any dentist in your town, you should see the local listings of the dentists. For example, you can find carolwaldmandentistry.ca in the local listings of Toronto dentists.
This particular posts talks about the major causes of dental caries. There are 5 main reasons why people face this issue.
Factors Leading to Dental Caries
- Hidden Bacteria
Different kinds of good and bad bacteria are present in a human mouth. They are known as mutant streptococci.
Some common bacteria include the following:
They cause missing teeth, oral infections and toothache. Their major role is to create plaque which leads to tooth decay. These bacteria can be inherited to children if adults kiss them on their cheeks.
- Too Much Sugar Consumption
Sugar consumption is the primary cause of tooth decay. Sugar doesn’t directly affect your teeth, rather bacteria convert it into acid. If food particles stuck between the teeth are not properly removed, or the teeth are not cleaned properly, it causes demineralization. This problem can be dealt with easily by means of fluoride toothpaste.
- Teeth Content
Other diseases (such as gum disease) and teeth disorders may also cause demineralization in your the teeth. These diseases are potential contributors of dental caries. For instance, Amelogenesis imperfect is a disease that occurs in 1 in every 718 individuals. It makes tooth vulnerable to dental caries.
On the other hand, the teeth’s composition is itself makes them vulnerable. Tooth enamel is present in 96% of minerals. And these minerals are soluble in acidic environment, at pH level of 5.5.
- Exposure to Acidic Environment
If you have a habit of taking after-meal snacks you will expose your teeth to acidic environment and increase the chance of dental caries. The sugar content of food will be used by bacteria that will convert it into acid and decreases pH. High acidic environment make teeth susceptible to tooth decay and increase chances of dental caries. Therefore, for complete dental care, it is highly important that you should go for regular checkup at dental clinic Toronto.
- Slow Salivary Rate
Saliva is the only natural tool that can counterbalance the acidic environment. Some major causes of reduction in salivary flow rate include:
- Too much intake of medicines and drugs,
- Chewing of tobacco
- Drinking too many beverages and alcohols